Tourism at Valmiki Tiger Reserve

Valmiki Tiger Reserve is often considered a Tourist’s Delight offering Trekking adventures, Jungle Safari and Nightlife Tourism. The Forest also inhabits over 50 Tigers and an equal number of Leopards apart from Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Chital, Sambar, Hog Deer, Black Buck, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Langur and Rhesus Monkey.

VTR, as it is popularly known extends to Royal Chitawan National Park in Nepal and touches the foothills of Himalayas making it one of the unique tourist spots in the World. Undisturbed dense valley as well as Hill Sal forests along with the majestic view of Snow clad peaks of Himalayas offer an unique Touristic experience.

The Park is the destination of confluence of more than 10 Rivers including Rohua, Kotrahia, Manor, Bhapsa, Koshil, Singha, Dhonghi, Ganguli, Dhoram,  Sonha and Pachnad. Their cascades in wanton and wayward playfulness while descending from hills ridges and gorges are enchanting.

The River Gandak which originates from Tibet and comes down to Nepal,  flows through the middle of the Forest,

Harha – Masan River system originates from the Valmiki Forests and forms Burhi Gandak River down south.


Places to Visit

Madanpur Range – It is famous for wetlands, swamps and mixed forests of riparian tract of Gandak River.

There is a place in Madanpur, where large number of Indian flying fox can be sighted any time.

Raghia Range  – It is famous for Chirpine forest at an altitude of 1000 ft

Done Area,  which is a unique expanse of 26 hamlets and villages of Tharu Tribes

Someshwar hills –  These  are part of Terai hills and overlook India and Nepal through awe-inspiring and mesmerizing gorges. It is also surrounded by dense and deep pockets of forests.

Someshwar Fort – It is situated near Nepal border, on top of Someshwar Hill at 2884 ft. above M.S.L. It is in a ruined state but its remains are well defined.

Gandak Barrage: It is an Irrigation Dam along Nepal Border, made across river Gandak at Valmikinagar.

Udaipur Wildlife Sanctuary : It is an Ox-bow lake surrounded by natural mixed forests near Bettiah. Itis  about 15 km from Bettiah. It covers an area of 8.87 Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Nilgai, Wolf, Jungle Cat etc are found in the forest.

Historical Bhikhna Thori Railway Terminal originally  made by the British North Bengal Railways.

Sage Valmiki Hermitage:  It is said the the legendary Sage Valmiki who composed Ramayana, the greatest Indian Epic, lived here. It is after him that whole Tiger Reserve been named. The Valmiki Ashram now lies in the forests of Royal Chitwan National Park of Nepal but one has to travel through the forests of Valmikinagar to reach the Ashram, and that is through India. Even the Nepalese have to travel through Valmikinagar, in India to reach the Ashram.  Valmiki Ashram is located at a distance of about 7 kms from Valmikinagar, the Gandak barrage.

Various temples, which are located in the periphery of 3 – 4 kms around the Valmiki Ashram, are the Jatashankar Temple, Nardevi Temple and Kaleshwar Temple, surrounded by green forest in the backdrop of the Himalayan Mountains. Triveni Temple is located across the Gandak barrage in the Nepal territory at a motorable distance of 2-3 kms from Gandak barrage.

Mahatma Gandhi : There is an Ashram at Bhitiharawa  near Gaunaha in the eastern end, where Mahatma Gandhi used to day during his Champaran days. It is historically linked to famous Salt Satyagraha of Mahatma Gandhi

Ashoka Pillar – There is a lion pillar of Ashoka at Rampurwa which is a single block of polished sand stone. The pillar is 32’- 9.5” in height with a diameter of 35.5” at the base and 26.2” at the top. This pillar ix expected to be over 2000 year old and is in excellent condition.

Buddhist Stupas- At Nandan Garh, there is a huge mound composed of bricks and is about 80 Ft high. According to Historians,  it is a Stupa made by Ashoka  in which ashes of Lord Buddha’s funeral pyre are buried.

Triveni Sangam: It is a place where three tributaries of Gandak river viz.  Naraini, Sohna and Pachnad join together. According to Hindu Literature,  Triveni is also believed to be the site at which the fight commenced between the Lords of Forest and Water (Gaj and Grah or the Elephant and the Crocodile).

Bawan Garhi: A name meaning 52 forts. It is also known as Tripan bazar. The remains of 52 forts and Tripan bazar are at Darubari.



Safari : Elephant and Jeep Safari is organized by the Bihar Tourism Department. You may enjoy Bullock Cart Safari also, which is traditional in Bihar. The Rate Chart of Safari is given below.

Trekking: Trekking along the Foothills of Himalayas  and the neighboring Forests in the Valmiki National Park is one of the most memorable experience one can have. Short Trekking of 4 -6 hours is also organized by State Tourism Department.

Bird Watching : VTR is one of the favorite destination for Bird Watchers.  Presently some 241 bird species have been reported from VTR. These include, Nepal kaleej pheasant, three-toed quail, flycatcher, grey shrike, green willow warbler, tree pipit, white eye, green barbet, waders, ibises, storks, pitta, plovers, snipes, pied hornbill and emerald dove. There are five types of green pigeons and purple wood pigeon found in VTR. One can easily sight nocturnal birds like  owls, owlets, nightjars after Sunset.

Nightlife Tourism:  VTR offers a unique Nightlife tourism on Full Moon Nights. Tourists can enjoy Nature’s Beauty in moon light which is an entirely different experience. An exclusive Dinner Package is offered by State Tourism Department. For details, see Rate Chart.

Watch Tower: Tourists can enjoy watching wildlife and landscape through a Wooden Watch Tower located over Ganauli Range. It provides a majestic view of river Manore and the snow clad peaks of  Himalayas.


Rate Chart

SafariMaximum OccupancyDurationFare
Jeep SafariFour Persons
(Maximum one person extra @ Rs. 100)
2 hrs 30 mntsRs. 600
Elephant SafariThree Persons1 hrs 30 mntsRs. 300
Bullock Cart SafariFour Persons3 hrsRs. 400
Full moon visit/ Nightlife TourismOne Person5 hrsRs. 500 (with dinner)

Tourist Advice

Tourist are expected to follow certain set to  guidelines as jotted below:

  • Don’t litter the surroundings
  • Wildlife animals sightings are matter of chance, so be patient and enjoy the wilderness of forest.
  • They should maintain silence and discipline. It enhances the chance of animal sighting.
  • If you sight wild animals, please don’t shout, just indicate others by hand.
  • Early morning and late afternoon are ideal hours to visit the VTR.
  • Don’t wear Colorful clothes. Khakis, brown and green outfits are the best suited for forests.
  • Don’t use strong perfume. It might tempt some Animals.
  • Trekkers are advised to use jungle boots to ensure safety.
  • Make sure that you carry drinking water and some Food.
  • Give way to Animals first.
  • Always Carry a first aid kit with common medicines.
  • Respect Animals and their habitat.
  • Being an International Boundary, the forest also houses many smugglers and robbers from both India and Nepal. Though crime rate is low, it is advisable to stay alert.


Altitude : 125 m. to 880 m. above M.S.L.

Rainfall : 1461.2 mm to 2053.3 mm

Temperature: Minimum : 8° C,  Maximum : 36° C

The Climate of Valmikinagar is usually favorable for visit throughout the year, particularly due to its high altitude.  The summer is from March to June, while the Rainy season is July to September. The pleasant winter months are November to February.


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