Patna is the capital city of Bihar and the largest metropolitan city in eastern India after Kolkata. Once known as center of Great Mauryan Empire, today it is India’s fastest developing city. Despite being a metropolitan city, Patna has hundreds of tourist spots to visit including temples, monuments, archeological remains and historical places.
- Altitude: 53 metres above MSL
- Temperature (Max./Min.) Deg C: Summer – 49/21 Winter – Max. 20/3.
- Avg. Precipitation:120 cms
- Best Season to visit: October to March
- Wearables: Summer – Cottons, Winter – Heavy Woollens.
How to Reach?
Patna Airport is well connected by Air to all major airports of India and plans are in place to start International Flights. Presently Air India, Jet Airway and Indigo runs daily flight service connecting Patna connecting Patna to Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata, New Delhi, Ranchi, Chennai, Cochin and many other places. Inter-state Flights also operate connecting Patna to Purnea and Muzaffarpur.
Patna is one of the prominent Railway Stations of East Central Railways. It is well connected by regular trains to Kolkata, New Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Cochin, Varanasi, Guwahati,Hyderabad, Pune, Jammu and many other cities.
All-weather motorable roads connect Patna with the rest of Bihar. There are also regular inter – state bus services. Regular direct bus services connect Patna to Calcutta, Rajgir, Nalanda, Pawapuri, Vaishali, Gaya-Bodhgaya, Ranchi, Raxaul, Muzaffarpur, Sasaram. BSTDC has also started super-luxurious Mercedes Benz Buses connecting Patna to Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Ranchi and Jamshedpur.
By road Patna to Nalanda-95 km, Rajgir-110 km, Pawapuri-90 km, Gaya-120 km, Bodhgaya-135 km, Raxaul-210 km, Ranchi-335 km, Muzaffarpur-78 km, Sasaram- 152 km, Vaishali-56 km, Calcutta-653 km, Delhi-997 km, Kathmandu – 373 km, Siliguri- 380 km, Darjeeling-430 km,
Places to Visit
Golghar: Alarmed by the famine of 1770, captain John Garstin built this huge granary for the British army in 1786. The massive structure is 29 m high and the walls are 3.6 m wide at the base. The winding stairway around this monument offers a brilliant panoramic view of the city and the Ganga flowing by.
Martyr’s Memorial: A memorial to seven freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives in the Quit India Movement of August 1942, the Martyr’s Memorial is a modern sculpture facing the Secretariat, where they were shot in their attempt to host the national flag.
Har Mandir Takht: Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, was born in 1660 in Patna. The Har Mandir Takht, one of the four sacred shrines of the Sikhs, stands at this holy site. The original temple was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and contains belongings of the Guru and Sikh holy texts.
Patna Museum: The Patna Museum houses a First World War cannon, metal and stone sculptures of the Mauryan and Gupta periods, Buddhist sculptures and quaint terracotta figures. A 16 m long fossilised tree is one of its special features.
Pathar ki Masjid: Adjacent to Har Mandir Sahib, on the bank of the Ganga, is this beautiful mosque built by Parwez Shah, son of Jahangir, when he was the governor of Bihar. It is also called Saif Khan’s mosque, Chimmi Ghat mosque and Sangi Masjid.
Sher Shah Suri Masjid: Sher Shah Suri built this mosque in 1545 to commemorate his reign. Built in the Afghan architectural style, it is one of the many beautiful mosques in Bihar, and one of the impressive landmarks of Patna.
Khuda Baksh Oriental Library: Founded in 1900, a magnificent one man collection of rare Arabic and Persian manuscripts, Rajput and Mughal paintings, oddities like the Koran inscribed in a book only 25mm wide and an assortment of old and new books from the University of Cordoba, Spain. It is one of the national libraries in India. The library also contains the only books to survive the sacking of the Moorish University of Cordoba in Spain.
Jalan Museum: Built on the foundations of Sher Shah’s fort, Qila House contains an impressive private collection of antiques, including a dinner service that once belonged to George III, Marie Antoinette’s Sevres porcelain, Napoleon’s four-poster bed, Chinese jade and Mughal silver filigree,.It is a private collection, and prior permission is required for a visit.
Sadaqat Ashram: The Ashram is the headquarters of Bihar Vidyapeeth, a national university. India’s first president, Dr. Rajendra Prasad lived here after his retirement and there is a small museum here showcasing his personal belongings.
Agam Kuan: Agam Kuan (Unfathomable well) is one of the most important early historic archeological remains in Patna. It is situated just close to Gulzarbagh railway Station, which is proposed to be associated with the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka.
Gandhi Setu: It is a 4 Lane Girder Bridge over River Ganga connecting North Bihar to South Bihar. With length of 5575 metres it is considered one of the longest bridges in the world.
Padri Ki Haveli: The Place where Mother Teresa got her training.
Patna Zoo: Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park (also called Patna Zoo) is located in the heartland of Patna and is around 200 acres in area. The zoo has almost 100 species of animals and more than 300 species of trees, herbs and shrubs. It has almost 1200 animals including Tiger, lion, leopard, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, Himalayan bear, lion tailed macaque, golden cat, leopard cat, hog deer, giraffe, zebra, crocodile, cassowary, emu, white peacock, etc.
Planetarium: Patna Planetarium is one of the must visited places of Patna. It is one of the largest planetariums in Asia and has over 1 Million visitors each year.
Kumhrar: Kumhrar, site of the ancient city of Pataliputra, lies 5 kms from Patna railway station. Archaeological findings in this area establish Patna’s claim to over a thousand years of political glory – 600 BC to 600 AD. Very little of this grandeur remains though, except for the remains of a huge Mauryan hall supported by 80 sandstone pillars dating back to 300 BC.
Patna has a large number of Hotels suiting every range Economy, Budget, Mid Range, Luxury, Deluxe and Star. While, one can get Beds in Dormitories near Patna Railway Station for ₹50 per day, One can also avail 3-Star Hotel Facilities at Hotel Maurya Patna and Hotel Chanakya Inn.
Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation operates Tourist Bungalow named Kautilya Vihar at Beer Chand Patel Path, Patna-800001. Phone: 91-0612-2225411, 2210219, 2210242. Fax: 91-0612-2236218. Rooms available: AC Room, Non-AC Deluxe, Economy and Dormitory Beds.
Also See: List of Hotels in Patna
Patna has large number of Restaurants, Bars, Eateries ranging from traditional north indian, south indian to continental and chinese foods. Read the full List of Restaurants and Bars in Patna
Things to Do
- Buy Local Handicraft, Madhubani Paintings, Jewellery and Khadi Clothes.
- Watch Ganga Aarti at Gandhi Ghat in Patna
- Enjoy River Cruise in River Ganga
- Enjoy Adventure Water Sports in Ganga River
- Do not miss tasting unique Bihari dishes like Litti Chokha, Chaat, Peda, Kalakand, Anarsa, Makhana, Tilkut, Khaajaa and Maner Ka Laddoo