Bhagalpur is a city in Southern part of Bihar and is of immense historical importance. It is situated on the banks of holy river Ganga. Bhagalpur is 220 km east of Patna and 410 km north west of Kolkata. Bhagalpur is the distorted form of Bhagdatpuram (meaning city of Good Luck) as it was called during the flourishing of the Anga Kingdom, and has been the seat of power since Bhagalpur also known as Silk City.
Bhagalpur formed a part of the ancient Sanskrit kingdom of Anga, said to be ruled by king Karna of Mahabharata who was well known for his charity. In later times it was included in the powerful Hindu kingdom of Magadha, or Behar, and in the 7th century it was an independent state, with the city of Champa as its capital. It afterwards formed a part of the Mohammedan Kingdom of Gaur, West Bengal, and was subsequently subjugated by Akbar, who declared it to be a part of the Delhi empire. Bhagalpur passed to the East India Company by the grant of the emperor Shah Alam II in 1765.
References to Bhagalpur can be found in Indian epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata where Bhagalpur has been described as the kingdom of Anga. A temple from the Gupta period still exists in Bhagalpur.
Bhagalpur was one of most important trade centers in Bengal Presidency in British India. The city and the district was notorious for its criminal activities and lack of human safety, both of which peaked during 1970s leading to 1980 Bhagalpur blindings. It has emerged as one of the most economically and socially stable districts of Bihar in present times.
You can reach the Silk City Bhagalpur by train/road. From Patna, the capital of Bihar, it takes a decent 6 hours to reach here. the local airport is well under plan and may take a few years to actually start functioning.
Jain temple at Nathnagar. It is an important pilgrimage centre for Jains.
Budhanath Temple. It is an ancient Shiva Temple on the bank of Ganges.
Sultanganj: It is an important religious center for Hindus from where holy water of Ganges is carried and offered at Deoghar. It is about 25 km West of Bhagalpur.
Dargah of Shawaz Rahmat-ulla: One of the most popular place of Muslims. It is located near Bhagalpur railway station.
Mandar Hill. It is a important Hindu and Jain Pilgrimage Center. Due to its beautiful landscape it is also considered to be a excellent weekend hangout place or picnic spot.
Also See: Mandar Hill Travel Guide
Ancient cave sculpture. Ancient cave sculptures from Emperor Ashoka’s reign, from 274 to 232 BC are found in the neighbourhood and at Sultanganj
The Tomb of Suja. The tomb of Suja, brother of Moghul emperor Aurangzeb, in the heart of the town is reminiscent of the city’s association with the Mughal period
Ancient Vikramshila University. The ruins of ancient Vikramshila University are located 44 km east of Bhagalpur. The royal university ranks next to Nalanda, and owes its origin to Dharmapala, the devout Pala king who called himself Paramasaugata (chief worshipper of the Buddha) and was a great patron of Mahayana Buddhism. It was the medieval center to the conservation and propagation of Buddhist education, established by King Dharampal of Bengal at the end of the 8th century.
Participate in “Vish-hari Puja”. The religious festival of “Vish-hari Puja” or “the worship of the Snake Queen” or “Manasa Devi, said to be a daughter of lord Shiva and Queen of Snakes” traces its roots back hundreds of years and is still celebrated every year with thousands of believers and snake charmers offering milk to the Nag (the Snake King) and Nagin (The Snake Queen).
D N Singh Road: Major shopping facilities are located at D N Singh Road in Bhagalpur
MG Road: There are a few showrooms of famous brands like Raymonds, Killer, John Players, Adidas,Levis etc.
There is only one 3-star hotel in Bhagalpur.
Hotel Sai International, Station Road
Text sourced from WikiVoyage.