World Famous Sonepur Cattle Fair is organized every year during November-December. It is considered by many as World’s Largest Cattle Fair where one can find large number of Elephants. Major attraction is the sight of numerous elephants, beautifully decorated for the purpose of sale.
Apart from elephants, a large number of cattle and horses are also brought to the fair for sale. Many farm animals can be bought at the Sonepur mela from all breeds of dogs, buffaloes, donkeys, ponies, Persian horses, rabbits, goats and even the occasional camel. Many varieties of birds and poultry are also available.
Numerous stalls are also set up at the grounds of the Sonepur Cattle Fair. You will find a wide variety of goods in these stalls, ranging from garments, to weapons and furniture, toys, utensils and agricultural implements, jewelry and handicrafts. Various folk shows, games and jugglers can be seen in the fair.
The Fair has its origins during ancient times when noted Magadha ruler Chandragupta Maurya (340 BC – 298 BC) used to buy elephants and horses across the river Ganges.
The Fair commences on the day of Kartik Poornima and lasts for more than a fortnight.
The Fair attracts International Visitors from countries like France, Italy, US, Japan, Switzerland, Australia, Kazakhstan, Austria and Portugal.