Darbhanga is a city in the North Bihar and is the center of Mithilanchal region which has history dating back several thousand years. A part of Indo-Gangetic plains Darbhanga is just around 50km from the Himalayan nation of Nepal. The city is known for its association with Darbhanga Royal family – one of the richest landowners of the country during British Raj. The city and places around are very active culturally and politically but one of the poorest in India based on almost all social indicators. Darbhanga is considered as the cultural capital of Bihar with its rich musical, folk-art and literary traditions continuing from centuries. Songs written by famous Maithili poet Vidyapati is still sung at all religious and social occasions throughout this region.
Darbhanga is well connected to other parts of India and Bihar through a network of railway lines and roads.
The nearest airport is in Patna (120km). Patna airport is serviced by major domestic airlines like Indian, Jet Airways and Indigo. There are direct flights to Delhi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Kathmandu and Varanasi from Patna airport. There is an Airport Sprit airlines connects to Kolkata,PATNA from Darbhanga but you have to pay huge price, it is Specially for Air Force,Located near of Bazaar Samiti.
There are direct trains from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad , Pune, Patna, Ahmedabad , Amritsar , Ranchi , Bhubaneshwar ,(Mysore) and many other cities in the country. Normal traveling time from New Delhi to Darbhanga is around 21 to 24 hours. Some of the trains that connect Darbhanga to other cities are:
New Delhi – Swatantrata Senani superfast, Shaheed Express, Saryu-Yamuna Express,Bihar Sampark Kranti superfast,Garib Rath, Lichchavi Express
Mumbai – Pawan Express,karmabhumi superfast
Kolkata – Ganga Sagar Express,Mithilanchal Express,Maithili Express and Darbhanga-Howrah Express
Ahmedabad – Sabarmati Express,
Pune -Gyan Ganga Express
Bangalore-Bagmati Express(via Patna,Chennai,)extended upto mysore.
Puri- Darbhanga-Puri Superfast Express (Via Bhubaneswar)
Guwahati-jiwach express,DBG-NGP Express(New Jalpaiguri)
Amritsar- Shaheed Express, Saryu Yamuna Express,Jan Nayak Express
Patna-Kamla ganga intercity,Danapur Express
Hyderabad- Darbhanga-Hyderabad Express (via-Bilaspur,Raipur)
Ranchi- Jaynagar-Ranchi Express, Darbhanga-Hyderabad Express
and many more……..
Darbhanga is on the East West corridor map of India with 4-6 laned NH 57 connecting Gujarat to Assam, which links it to other parts of the country. There are buses every 10 minutes for Patna and (Muzaffarpur). It take 1:15 – 1:30 Hr. for Muzaffarpur and for Patna its takes 4 Hr. There are direct buses to Patna, Siliguri, Ranchi, Varanasi, etc.
Most reliable and easily available local transport is cycle rickshaw. You can also get shared three-wheelers and buses from the railway and bus terminal. Darbhanga is a not a small city and you have to take any means of transport around and see places of attraction.
Palaces built by Maharajah of Darbhanga are the most important attractions in Darbhanga. Just a kilometer from bus and train terminal, most of the palaces are located inside a walled campus. There are plenty of temples dedicated to mother goddess (primarily Kali and Durga) built by erstwhile kings of Darbhanga. Major temples include Shyama Kali temple and Kankali temple.
Some of the important palaces are now converted into universities (Lalit Narayan Mithila University and Kameshwar Singh Sanskrit University). Despite decay and chaos all around, you will encounter one of the best examples of Indo-European architectural traditions followed in building these palaces.
Darbhanga Fort is another attraction for outsiders coming to the city. Not much was built inside the fort except a few temples and a house for family deity. Successors of Darbhanga royal clan still stay inside the fort in an almost ruined house surrounded by mango trees.
Darbhanga is also known for its ponds and you will find hundreds of them across this city. Some of the major ones are Harahi (in front of Railway station), Dighi and Gangasagar.
There are two museums in Darbhanga (Chandradhari Museum and Maharaja Lakshmeshwar Singh Museum), both located in the same campus near the railway station (5 minutes walk). These museums exhibit clothes, arms, coins, and artifacts donated by the royal family of Darbhanga.
European Library of Mithila University and official library of Sanskrit University are a rich source for someone interested in researching ancient Indian culture and traditions. The library at Sanskrit University is know for its collection of around 5500 ancient manuscripts on subjects like Epic, Philosophy, Vyakaran, Dharma Shastra, Agam-Tantra etc.
Darbhanga is a place known for its cultural traditions in music and it is home to the well-known Darbhanga tradition of Dhrupad singing. Some of the important artistes from this tradition include Pt. Ramchatur Mallik, Pt. Siyaram Tiwari, Pt. Vidur Mallik and others. Most of the famous singers of this ancient classical tradition now stay in the bigger Indian cities and there is not much you can do to explore this heritage.
Darbhanga is also know for its mangoes, especially Malda variety. It is said that Mughal emperor Akbar planted around 50,000 mango trees Darbhanga and it started a tradition of mango plantation in this region. Not much of the mango produce is exported from here and you can still find fresh succulent mangoes directly picked from orchards.
Maithili is the language spoken in this part of the world and it’s a member of Indo-European family. Maithili is one of the 22 official national languages of the country and spoken by around 45 million people in Bihar and the Terai region of Nepal.
If you are planning to learn Sanskrit or Maithili, Darbhanga is a place for you. There are plenty of courses offered by two universities in Darbhanga for people interested in these languages. Darbhanga is also an ideal place to learn Madhubani painting – one of the richest folk-art traditions of India. Contact locals for a list of good teachers of this art.
Fulwari. The orchard of the old Darbhanga dynasty, located in Chatariya village about a kilometer away from Kadirabad at the banks of Adhwara river.
An ancient village of rich cultured of Mithila is known as Purushottampur alias Chataria. Later on the nickname Chataria was popularly accepted by the region. The Unique geographical condition provides natural safety for the village .It is almost surrounded by the river Choti Baghmati & It is the boundary of river which separates the village from Dist H.Q Darbhanga. In its thousand mts of surroundings the village enjoys the locality of followings:- LNM University, KSS University , Bus stand DBG, Agricultural Market, Eng College & main market of Darbhanga Tower.
Ahilya Asthan. It is famous historical temple dedicate to gautam rishi’s wife ahilya. This temple is situated about 3 Kms. South of Kamtaul Railway Station in Jale Block; and around 18 Kms from darbhanga.you must go there Pankaj Jha edit
Rajnagar. Rajnagar is the very important historical place of Madhubani District. But it is erasing its beauty in lack care. There is the ruins of place, Hathi Ghar, Girza Mandir, Shiv Mandir, Hanuman Mandir, Kali Mandir, Kamakhya Mata Mandir, Rani Ghar, Rani Pokhar, Naulakha and etc. The Kali Mandir of Rajnagar is very famous because of its beauty. It is made from white Marbles (Sangmarmar) in 1929. There is a Ghanta also in the Rajnagar. pankaj jha edit
Kusheshwar Asthan. A famous historical temple of Baba Kusheshwar Nath Mahadev. This temple is situated about 60 kms of Darbhanga railway station.
You can buy authentic Mithila paintings really cheap here if you compare the prices from major city hubs like Delhi or Mumbai. Products made of sikki (a local hard grass) are also a good buy.
Makhana (Gorgon nut or Fox nut) is a local aquatic food product. Puddings and salted delicacies made of makhana are famous in this region. Other local delicacies include chuda-dahi and sattu. For non-vegetarians, fish in mustard paste will be the most rewarding experience.
There are plenty of restaurants across Darbhanga who serve Indian, European and Indian variant of Chinese food. Some of the well known are Rajasthan, Mithai Ghar,Baseraand Paul restaurant at Darbhanga Tower and Ganga Executive club inside Darbhanga Fort.
You can discuss the whole world over a glass of lassi at any of the lassi counters across this city. Do try out Bhang lassi. Shankaranand Shrbataalaya, near Rose Public School is one the places you can do so. Other important drink is sattu mixed with water and sugar or salt.
You can also taste variety of Mughal dishes like Pulaa, Baqar Khani (a type of bread), Kabaab, Kofta, Nihari, Paya. These are easily available in local restaurants, especially at ramkumar pandit hotel near laheriasarai bus stand,
Don’s forget to chew “Pan” after eating delicious food.
Ganga Executive club inside Darbhanga fort is your best bet for reasonable to slightly luxurious accommodation. There are around 75 rooms and many suites here priced from Rs 800 to 6500. Other important hotels include Aggarwal and Basera at Darbhanga Tower.They are the best in Darbhanga.
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